Public Health Universitas Mega Buana Palopo Bagi Tips Hadapi Cuaca Panas

Sampai saat ini sejumlah wilayah di Indonesia mengalami suhu panas, berdasarkan informasi Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika (BMKG) yang dihimpun dari berbagai sumber melaporkan cuaca panas berkisar 35-39 derajat Celcius.

Berdasarkan Data BMKG, ada 3 faktor utama penyebab cuaca panas di Indonesia semakin tinggi :

Pertama, karena adanya anomali iklim El Nino yang dipengaruhi suhu muka permukaan laut pasifik di ekuator bagian timur yang berakibat pada minimnya pembentukan awan hujan di wilayah Indonesia. Kemudian akibat adanya anomali iklim di Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) positif di wilayah Samudera Hindia di ekuator bagian barat. Ini juga menyebabkan minimnya pembentukan awan hujan di Indonesia. Akibat minimnya pembentukan awan hujan tersebut, terang dia, penyinaran matahari di wilayah Indonesia di selatan ekuator langsung ke bumi tanpa ada tameng pelindung berupa awan hujan.

Dan penyebab ketiga cuaca panas menyengat kali ini dipengaruhi angin dari Australia yang lebih kering. Menyebabkan musim kemarau kali ini lebih menyengat. “Angin dari Australia ini kering, mengakibatkan kelembaban semakin rendah. Jadi, sudah panasnya meningkat, kelembaban rendah, jadi terasa semakin menyengat,” katanya.

Nah, untuk mengantisipasi itu, Public Health Universitas Mega Buana Palopo, memberikan sejumlah tips dalam menghadapi cuaca panas ini

  1. Cegah dehidrasi dengan minum air yang banyak. Jangan menunggu haus
  2. Hindari minuman berkafein, minuman berenergi, alkohol, dan minuman manis
  3. Hindari kontak dengan sinar matahari secara langsung, gunakan topi atau payung
  4. Memakai baju yang berbahan ringan dan longgar
  5. Hindari menggunakan baju berwarna gelap agar tidak menyerap panas
  6. Sebisa mungkin berteduh diantara jam 11 pagi – 3 siang
  7. Jangan meninggalkan siapapun di dalam kendaraan dalam kondisi parkir baik dgn jendela terbuka maupun tertutup
  8. Gunakan sunscreen minimal 30 SPF pada kulit yg tidak tertutup oleh baju sebelum keluar rumah
  9. Sediakan botol semprot air yang dingin di dalam kendaraan.

Dan waspada ketika muncul gejala:

  1. Keringat berlebih
  2. Kulit terasa panas dan kering
  3. Rasa berdebar atau jantung terasa berdetak lebih cepat
  4. Kulit terlihat pucat
  5. Kram pada kaki maupun abdomen
  6. Mual, muntah, pusing
  7. Urin yang sedikit dan berwarna kuning pekat

Jika muncul gejala tersebut, dinginkan tubuh dengan kain basah atau sponge basah pada pergelangan tangan, leher, dan lipatan tubuh lainnya serta banyak minum air. Jika masih bergejala, segera kunjungi fasilitas kesehatan terdekat untuk mendapatkan perawatan.(*)

Humas UMBP
Author: Humas UMBP

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